Home > Science, Science and Religion > A Reason to NOT DO More Scientific Testing on the Shroud

A Reason to NOT DO More Scientific Testing on the Shroud

September 11, 2014

imageHugh Farey writes in another thread, A Report on the Bari Conference:

Bishop Marcello Sanchez Sorondo [pictured], the Chancellor of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences emailed me with these words:

The opinion of the PAS is that in order to do something scientific, another test should be carried out but since the institutions that carry out these tests are rather anticlerical, the PAS currently thinks that it would not be prudent to reopen the matter until other scientific identification systems are devised.

Although not in any sense an official statement of policy, it does suggest that at present the Vatican does indeed lack confidence in scientists’ open-mindedness, if not their expertise.

I have taken the liberty of reformatting and emphasizing part of Hugh’s comment.

Here is a Wikipedia entry for Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo.

  1. September 11, 2014 at 10:53 am

    For information, this communication is dated 28 January 2014.

  2. Paulette
    September 11, 2014 at 10:55 am

    Rather? How about arrogantly anti-clerical? The blackboard picture forever ends the myth of scientist always being unbiased.

    • anoxie
      September 11, 2014 at 11:12 am

      C14, 1988, i think the booster shot is not really necessary.

  3. John Klotz
    September 11, 2014 at 11:28 am

    There are several non-intrusive procedures that could be enormously useful. Multispectral Digital imaging (MDI) is one. MDI photographs can in fact allow chemical analysis. It is an advance of the Quad Graphics mode employed by STURP in that it allows identification of the various constituents and the distinctions among them. Think Quad Photographs on steroids. In fact, once the photography is accomplished, the digital image of the Shroud could be available world wide. It might ne several gigabytes, but even if it were several terabytes, handling such files has become almost child’s play.

    Another example of “primitive” digital microscopy was the blood analysis work done by Heller and Adler. The began by working on minute thread with almost invisible particles of ancient blood. Of necessity the process was highly intrusive.In the past 36 years the science as advanced to the point where properly conducted the microscopy would be totally non-trusive.

    • anoxie
      September 12, 2014 at 1:12 am

      Multispectral analysis is great, and there would be a lot more interesting tests needed. Bishop Sanchez Sorondo has just said why it is still not the right timing, keeping in mind the blackboard picture.
      It’s up to scientists to build a team and a thorough protocol, clearing out vain controverses-the hard part.

  4. daveb of wellington nz
    September 11, 2014 at 4:28 pm

    It is not merely the question of new techniques, nor the scientific competence of those engaged to apply them, The mainly American STURP team of 1978, not only had the latest techniques then available and the necessary competence, but they were drawn from a wide range of backgrounds, Catholic, Protestant and Agnostic. Most of them approached their tasks with an open mind, with only one notable exception, and yes there were Shroudie enthusiasts such as John Jackson and a few others. However this enthusiasm had developed from their own previous research on the Shroud, such as their VP-8 work. Nevertheless most of the team approached their work in an objective and professional manner, and put their personal agendas aside. The seeming arrogance adopted in presenting the 1988 C-14 results stands in marked contrast.

  5. Kelly Kearse
    September 11, 2014 at 6:26 pm

    The Pontifical Academy of Sciences consists of 80 academicians, including such highly respected scientists as Maxine Singer, Gunter Blobel, Stephen Hawkins, Paul Berg, and Francis Collins (the current director of the NIH) to name a few. The academicians are “chosen by the Academy on the basis of their eminent original scientific studies and of their acknowledged moral personality, without any ethnical or religious discrimination, and are appointed for life by sovereign act of the Holy Father.” [taken from the PAS website] Numerous scientific notables are present within the PNAS itself that could oversee the development or delegation of “something scientific”. Science is neither anti-clerical or pro-clerical. It’s about objectively trying to find out the truth.

    • daveb of wellington nz
      September 11, 2014 at 7:47 pm

      Notwithstanding the eminent standing of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, nor the Papal representative Professor Chagas (reportedly a Shroud skeptic) and his clearly defined protocols, it was the Turinese on site who determined the proceedings in the actual practice in 1988! What price the Academy then? Would anything be different now?

  6. Kelly Kearse
    September 11, 2014 at 6:31 pm

    Sorry-typo-PNAS is a major scientific journal (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences-should read within the PAS itself

  7. September 11, 2014 at 6:52 pm

    Read between the lines: an emphatic no!

  8. Louis
    September 11, 2014 at 9:39 pm

    Archbishop Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo is highly qualified and the Church learns from mistakes. It is 2000 years old. Public relations will always be there, but no Shroud website, publication,newsletter, conference, congress, lecture, book, petitions to the Pope, will make Rome budge. Rome moves slowly and carefully and we must not forget that the TS is not an Article of Faith, it is not essential for faith, although some Shroudies may use it as a prop for faith. What if there was no TS? We have discovered many things about existence, and continue to make more discoveries every, single day and it is not the TS that will remove all doubts. There is a lot more in the box.

    Shroudies who are believing Christians will have to cling to Paul, “If Christ be not risen, your faith is in vain.” God does turn down the blinds.

  9. Louis
    September 11, 2014 at 10:22 pm

    It is not only the TS, there is also Noah’s ark:

    For those who are in England:

    “The Real Noah’s Ark”, Sunday, 14th September, 8.00 PM, on Channel 4.

    Who knows, next will come Moses’ wand and then a feather from Saint Michael.

  10. September 11, 2014 at 10:49 pm

    I’m just probably a slow to learn folks. U have a question, When our Lord comes for his final visit – how many many years do we think he will wait for these folks to run their tests on Him ?? I see all the retesting as some sort of denial syndrome. I don’t want to be in ine when they are foing through their past life look at.
    .

  11. Kelly Kearse
    September 12, 2014 at 5:17 am

    After re-reading the post & comments, I see more clearly that the Bishop’s statement appears to be in the specific context of C14 testing, and not scientific testing in general. I also see the e-mail was written in January 2014, and not a type of summary statement in reference to the recent conference. My previous comment was directed towards more investigation, in general, i.e. If formal scientific studies on the Shroud were ever to be considered in the future

  12. Charles Freeman
    September 12, 2014 at 6:06 am

    Has there been any specific recent response from the Turin authorities on the C14 tests? The latest I have found was a robust defence of the testing procedures and the dates from Luigi Gonella himself published in Turin in 2000 – it is reproduced in Silvano Scannerini and Piero Savarino (eds.), The Turin Shroud: Past, Present and Future, Turin, 2000, pp. 507-13 and Gonella gives the impression he is deeply offended by the attacks made on the procedures.

  13. Louis
    September 12, 2014 at 8:48 am

    One wonders why Professor Luigi Gonella was offended by the attacks made on the procedures. He tossed aside the protocols carefully prepared by Professor Carlos Chagas, president of the PAS. Then he spent a good amount of time arguing with Professor Giovanni Riggi about the site from where the sample had to be taken in 1988, keeping the other scientists waiting patiently.Professor Chagas did not believe in the authenticity of the relic, and it is unlikely that Professor Gonella did. Later, shortly before he died, the papal custodian Cardinal Anastasio Ballestrero gave an interview saying that he was manipulated. Given what I heard from an authority close to the Vatican, there had been a lot of pressure on the Church.

    It is important to ask,Why all this pressure? Is it to clear the doubts of Christians with weak faith? Or is it to satisfy the desires of anti-Christians? If Rome placed that much importance on a relic that is not an article of Faith Pope John Paul II would have requested Umberto II di Savoia to allow him to place the relic on the High Altar at Saint Peter’s and not preserved at the Royal Chapel in Turin.

    Archbishop Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo is no fool, he is a highly-qualified prelate who is also well-informed. It is clear that it is pointless to continue to exert pressure on the Church.

    • Charles Freeman
      September 12, 2014 at 9:21 am

      Gonella was defending himself against those who had criticised his role and the testing procedures as they were finally carried out. He was publicly defending a 1260-1390 date: so presumably he did not believe the Shroud was authentic.So was he representing just his personal view or was he the frontman for others? Obviously others know more about the politics of all this than I do.

      • Louis
        September 12, 2014 at 11:35 am

        I think the clergy needed no frontman, it was Professor Gonella’s point of view and Cardinal Ballestrero’ s interview was the last word. That seems obvious because the expositions continue.

      • Nabber
        September 13, 2014 at 10:07 am

        You’re kidding, Charles. Gonella’s penultimate sin was to go along with not videoing the placement of the samples into the metal cylinders. This was reportedly the only part of the process that was not video’d. If Ballestro was manipulated, as he said, then it was Tite plus Gonella in that back room against Ballestro.

        • September 13, 2014 at 1:02 pm

          I thought that Nabber’s conspiracy theory was dead, killed by ridicule – how wrong I was.

  14. Louis
    September 12, 2014 at 9:26 am

    One also wonders what Stephen Hawking, as a member of the PAS, thinks about the Turin Shroud. Last week he said that it is likely that the universe will be destroyed. Fine, many scientists think so, he is not alone.

    Only, by saying this he continues to not find an answer to an important question he himself raised some time ago. He is a highly intelligent and truth-seeking scientist and knows that there is a lot more in the box, there are mind-boggling questions demanding answers.

    Even if he thinks that “spontaneous creation” — his words— is involved in the creation of the universe and now the possibility of spontaneous destruction —- I believe he thinks so — is strong he would still need to fill the existential vacuum. He is humble, he is now sticking to science and leaving the rest to theologians and philosophers.

    The unanswered questions raised by him can be found in the second and third paragraphs:

    https://www.academia.edu/4700001/What_do_we_know_about_the_Bible_An_interview_with_Joseph_A._Fitzmyer_SJ

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