Final Program for Bari Conference

imageThe Program for Workshop on Advance in the Turin Shroud Investigation is now online. Note that regular papers are limited to 20 minutes for presentation and 10 minutes for discussion. This seems a stark contrast to the way the St. Louis conference will be doing things: not allowing questions at the time of presentations but having a Q&A online facility that will be open to the public.

Looks like a good conference.

2 thoughts on “Final Program for Bari Conference”

  1. Here few rough notes…

    1 – I am curious about the intervention by prof. Bruno Barberis
    (Director of the International Center of Sindonology)
    The title of his speech includes three of the same words
    (= past, present and future) used in the past Symposium
    of Villa Gualino (Turin, March 2000).
    But, despite the years (14 years !), there is not yet the right level
    of analyses (= AFM, CFM, SNOM and Raman).
    Only Giulio Fanti was able to do something with Raman
    and ATR-FTIR. But this is not enough ! …
    I believed that advanced microscopies can solve several problems and
    points remained obscure (f.e. : identificaion of the exact composition
    for TLs [= thin layers] on linen fibrils involved in BIF = Body Image Formation).
    But I was not able to persuade / convince anyone to analyze
    the treated linens (experiments).

    2 – We can see that interesting problems about Oviedo’s Cloth
    are investigated by large patrol of spanish researchers
    (= “Shroud of Turin and Sudarium of Oviedo”).
    Twenty years ago I was happy to see the points of congruence
    between the Shroud and Sudarium, and now…
    What is the “New Coincidence between Shroud of Turin and Sudarium of Oviedo” ?
    What is your opinion ?

    3 – Pollen on the Shroud of Turin The trace left by anointing and embalming
    by M. Boi (University of the Balearic Islands), that is an expert in Palynology,
    which is the science that studies pollen.
    That could be a great intervention, we have to pay attention…
    because this study can be an extremely interesting work.
    — —
    The pollen exine, which is the outer layer of the grain,
    is composed of sporopollenin…
    Using the AFM techniques we can control the pollen adhesion to linen
    (and oil of embalming, etc.), etc.,
    and AFM observations can reveal the level of pollen erosion.
    Under :
    I have found an interesting explanation :
    >In addition to the purely mechanical function of the exine
    in protecting the reproductive cells from environmental injury,
    exine sculpturing plays an important role in attachment
    to insect pollinators and adhesion to the stigmatic surfaces;
    while wind pollinated species including many grasses and
    tree species often lack elaborate structure and appear smooth. … …
    And what is the difference about exine and intine ?
    >Beneath the exine, which is defined by the presence of one
    or two basal nexine layers, a second major wall layer surrounds
    the pollen grain protoplasm termed the intine. While the exine
    is composed of sporopollenin, a complex and highly resistant
    biopolymer containing fatty acids, phenylpropanoids, phenolics
    and carotenoids, the intine is largely composed of pectin and cellulose. …
    — —
    Now the problem :
    How can change over the centuries the material of pollen?
    — —
    A previous Boi’s report (Valencia 2012) clearly highlights that the pollen
    is proof that the shroud, which is kept in Turin, was a winding-sheet and was used according to rituals common in the Middle East over a thousand years ago.
    B.T.W. : Under the address :
    I have found another work by Marzia Boi (Universitat de les Illes Balears),
    here the title : “Sábana Santa de Turín y Sudario de Oviedo: pruebas científicas
    del crimen de Jesús de Nazaret”.
    So …
    If Max Frei made no attempt to distinguish between anemophilous and
    entomophilous pollen material, meanwhile, forensic science has progressed.
    In my previous intervention I remembered that is important to record the nature of pollen grains, the we were not able to deepen the question…
    If the pollen grains are powdery, dust like, this is an indication about wind pollination.
    Usually pollen grains are sticky in insect pollinated flowers.
    So we have to control what are the levels of viscoelasticity and adhesion …
    I have several doubts about the precision of that control,
    after the centuries and aging…
    In my opinion that work is not a nonsensical control and
    I am still curious about that unsolved question.

    4 – In my opinion Giulio Fanti author of the intervention :
    Optical features of flax fibers coming from the Turin Shroud
    was able to do something using PLM (= Polarized Light Microscopy)
    and not with SPM …
    But I am still curious to follow what are the interesting observations.
    For now we can imagine something.
    For example:
    it is possible to show something about the ancient treatment
    = the beaten linen fibrils observed in optical field (PLM) …
    or :
    Was he able to measure the Viscoelastic Properties
    through “calibrated optical observations” ?
    Now remains a curiosity for what we still need to know…

    5 – At the end there are the studies about the strange EQLs
    and Earthquakes …
    = Sky Darkening during Strong Earthquakes as Hypothesis of
    Earth’s Crust Emission in Holy Shroud Image Study.
    See, for example, what wrote Fidani :
    >A seven-month collection of testimonials about the 6 April 2009 earthquake in Aquila, Abruzzo region, Italy, was compiled into a catalogue of non-seismic phenomena. Luminous phenomena were often reported starting about nine months before the strong shock and continued until about five months after the shock. …
    — —
    Another interesting study (with Giovanna De Liso and Andrea Viotto):
    Multi-Parametric Monitoring System of Associated Seismic Phenomenology
    and Unusual Animal Behaviour in Western Piedmont.
    Here an excerpt from the Abstract:
    > Earthquakes have been seldom associated with reported non-seismic phenomena
    observed weeks before and after shocks. Non-seismic phenomena are characterized by
    unusual sounds and light emissions as well as degassing of vast areas near the epicentre
    with chemical alterations of shallow geosphere (aquifers, soils) and the troposphere.
    Many animals are sensitive to even the weakest changes in the environment, typically
    responding with behavioural and physiological changes. … … …
    — — —
    For now I’ll stop here…
    Perhaps I “drank” too much knowledge with you.
    But the thirst for knowledge is never satisfied!
    In fact I think it is not enough to write, instead
    it is necessary to work in proper laboratories…

      The term palynology was introduced by Hyde and Williams in 1944
      (see also under :

      Different forms of the exine surface.

      >The sculpturing of the pollen grain is the ornamentation of
      the exine surface which can be psilate, foveolate, areolate (frustillate),
      gemmate, clavate, verrucate, baculate, echinate, rugulate, striate or reticulate.
      — —
      Pollen grains consist of three substances…

      See also under :

      >The outer cell wall, the exine, consists mainly of sporopollenin,
      an N-free polymeric substance belonging to the terpenes.
      >Sporopollenin is chemically unsaturated and is corroded by
      Oxygen (oxidation), but is otherwise resistant even to strongly
      alkaline substances and organic acids. Sporopollenin is thus one
      of the most resistant substances in the plant world.
      >Thanks to the considerable chemical resistance of sporopollenin,
      pollen grains and spores can be preserved under anoxic conditions
      in lakes and fens for thousands to millions of years …

      >The outer layer, which often “peels off” is the perispore.

      Perispore = perisporium
      Exospore = exosporium.

      Then the question to solve can be the following:
      What happens on sporopollenin (see also : AFM/CFM surface controls!)
      with different BIF simulations (and/or treatments with
      myrrhoaloetic oils … !?!?) ?
      Where are the possible micro-observations about the Kirlian effect ?
      What happens with ageing rate experiments
      (= different kind of morphology for sporopolleninic wall)?
      — —
      Pollen Analysis and other problems:
      Fungi and bacteria can breakdown the pollen.
      Limit for degradation :
      with pH over 6 pollen degradation can start (chemical corrosion).
      — —
      Pollen and Spore Identification Literature:

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