Big Deal Peer-Reviewed Scientific Paper Soon to Be Published

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imageA Google-based search of the Optical Society (OSA)’s Optics InfoBase shows the following early posting of accepted papers to appear in an upcoming issue of Applied Optics, a highly respected peer-reviewed journal that is now celebrating its 50th anniversary of publishing high quality scientific papers.

Here is the entry. Will it generate the same level of interest that this same information created late last year?

Superficial and Shroud-like coloration of linen by short laser pulses in the vacuum ultraviolet

  • P. Di Lazzaro, D. Murra, E. Nichelatti, A. Santoni, and G. Baldacchini
  • received 07/23/2012; accepted 10/20/2012; posted 10/22/2012; Doc. ID 173160
  • [full text: PDF (1297) KB)]
  • Abstract: We present a survey on five-years experiments of excimer laser irradiation of linen fabrics, seeking for a coloration mechanism able to reproduce the microscopic complexity of the body image embedded onto the Shroud of Turin. We achieved a superficial, Shroud-like coloration in a narrow range of irradiation parameters. We also obtained latent coloration that appears after artificial or natural aging of linen following laser irradiations that at first did not generate any visible effect. Most importantly, we have recognized distinct photo-chemical processes that account for both coloration and latent coloration.

Keywords (OCIS):

  • (140.3610) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ultraviolet
  • (350.6670) Other areas of optics : Surface photochemistry

If you try to access the paper you will get the message that “[y]ou have attempted to access the full-text of an Early Posting article. Access is available via an institutional subscription. A pay-per-view option will be offered shortly.” 

Link to Optics InfoBase: Applied Optics – Early Posting. You will need to scroll down about 3/4 of the way down the list.

31 thoughts on “Big Deal Peer-Reviewed Scientific Paper Soon to Be Published”

  1. This paper in Applied Optics is a copy of the same paper the authors published in another journal in 2010 (1). I hope that the editor of Journal of Imaging Science and Technology has previously agreed with authors the use of graphics and tables in this new paper. Otherwise, authors may get into problems for violation of copyright, regardless they also authored the previous paper, Even if so, to say the least and to keep polite, the authors do not give any new relevant information and re-sell the same they have done before. Truly sad.
    ******************************************
    Here is a non-exhaustive short list of the figures and tables that are the same in both papers

    Applied Optics 2012:Figure 10 is the same as Figure 1 in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 2010.
    Applied Optics 2012:Figure 11 is the same as Figure 2 in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 2010.
    Applied Optics 2012:Figure 8 is the same as Figure 6 in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 2010.
    Applied Optics 2012:Figure 5 is the same as Figure 5 in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 2010.
    Applied Optics 2012:Figure 9 is the same as Figure 9a in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 2010.
    Applied Optics 2012:Table is basically the same as Table 1 in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 2010.

    Page 25 in Applied Optics 2012

    “In summary, our results demonstrate that a short and intense burst of directional VUV

    radiation can color a linen cloth so as to reproduce many of the peculiar characteristics of

    the image on the Shroud of Turin, including the hue of color, the shallow penetration depth

    of the color, the inhibition of fluorescence.

    Page 040302-6 Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 2010.

    “In summary, our results demonstrate that a short and

    intense burst of directional deep-UV radiation can provide a

    linen coloration having many peculiar features of the Turin

    Shroud image, including hue, coloration of only the outer-

    most fibers of the linen yarns, and lack of fluorescence.

    *****************************************************
    (1) Paolo Di Lazzaro, Daniele Murra and Antonino Santoni.Deep Ultraviolet Radiation Simulates the Turin
    Shroud Image
    .Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 54(4): 040302–040302-6, 2010.

  2. Again, just like Fanti and his gang are claiming to everyone that the image on the Shroud is the product of a corona discharge, Di Lazzaro and his team try to do the same with their UV lasers. 2 different hypotheses but both based on the premisse that there was a release of energetic radiation at the time of the Resurrection.

    The only problem for these kinds of hypothesis and it is huge: If the chromophore of the image is really the thin layer of carbohydrates impurities postulated by Rogers (and so far, this is by far the best hypothesis that exist versus the known data from the Shroud), then the chances that one of these energetic hypotheses can be relevant to the image on the Shroud would probably be near zero.

    Here’s what Rogers said about that: “I studied the chemical kinetics of the impurity materials and conclude that it was improbable that the impurities had been scorched by heat or any radiation source : the crystal structure of the flax image fibers was NO MORE DEFECTIVE than non-image fibers. It would take very good temperature control specifically to scorch impurities without producing some defects in the cellulose.”

    So, unless Fanti or Di Lazzaro, using their 21st century techniques that were not there 2000 years ago, can colored only a thin layer of impurities on the surface of a linen fiber WITHOUT PRODUCING ABSOLUTELY NO DEFFECT AT ALL in the linen fiber itself (including the primary cell wall), I think we should stay very careful versus these kinds of hypotheses. So far, I’m not aware that they ever succeed to color a thin layer of impurities on a linen fiber without producing no defect at all in the linen fiber itself (whether it be the primary cell wall alone or the inner part of the fiber). If I’m correct, then this proves that Rogers statement I just gave you is STILL CORRECT. This is very important to note.

    In the end, as I said many times here (but I believe it’s always important to refresh some memories), the most important data to be confirmed versus the image on the Shroud concern the chromophore of the image. And if Rogers was right with his impurities (I dare to say: it really looks like the correct answer to me), then I really think we could forget all these energetic hypotheses because none of them seem to be able to only colored these impurities without affecting at all the linen fiber that is underneath… Only a new series of direct testing on the Shroud will finally (let’s hope!) settle this issue. No doubt that Shroud science will make a huge step forward when the chromophore of the image will be confirmed.

    1. You believe that God can raise Jesus from the dead, yet is unable to colour an impurity layer without affecting the underlying fibers?

      1. Of course, if you don’t want to follow the laws of nature, you can believe anything !

        You can even believe that the image on the Shroud is a direct product of the Resurrection, even though it is an image that shows some slim distorsions and some missing parts (like behind the knees)… Ha ha ha !

        The supernatural fringe strikes again or so it seems ! If the chromophore is a thin layer of impurities only, you will have to say “adios” to your preconceive “Hollywoodish” notion that the image comes from a burst of something link directly with the Resurrection. I’m really sad for you. Will you still sleep at night when science will show you without a doubt that this image comes from a dead man ? Don’t you understand that before his Resurrection, Jesus WAS A DEAD MAN. Don’t you believe in the Incarnation of God or is it a joke for you ? Lot’s of good questions…

  3. Gabriel :
    Even if so, to say the least and to keep polite, the authors do not give any new relevant information and re-sell the same they have done before. Truly sad.

    They have changed the title, and the journal.

  4. I’m still not happy about the mysterious ‘ghost’ layer myself. I have not read the papers as thoroughly as some, so somebody may be able to answer either or both of the following questions which I think are relevant,
    1) Has any uncoloured but definitely present ‘impurity layer’ been found on non-image fibres?
    2) Where tape has been easy to pull off the image layer, is there an appreciable loss of colour on the image left behind?
    Unless the answer to these is an unequivocal yes (and we can observe the loss of colour on the new Durante photo) surely there must be some doubt as to exactly how much (or how little) the ghosts contribute to the image.

    1. Hugh Farey :
      there must be some doubt as to exactly how much (or how little) the ghosts contribute to the image.

      The colored ghosts are seen only in image areas.

      1. Yes I get that. However if the “impurity layer” was a process during manufacture, there should be un-coloured ghosts in the non-image areas. Have they been found?

      2. The “impurity layer” is an interpretation. I’m not aware of un-coloured ghosts.

        STuRP observations :
        -Color is on the surface of the fibers.
        -Much less force was required to remove tapes from image areas than from non-image areas.
        -Surface of color fibers appears “corroded”.
        -“Ghosts” of color were stripped off of fibers by the adhesive of sampling tapes.

  5. Furthermore, this paper in ALSO a remix of another previous paper in the same journal (Applied Optics) published in 2008 by the same authorsGiuseppe Baldacchini,1 Paolo Di Lazzaro,1,* Daniele Murra,1 and Giulio Fanti2
    Coloring linens with excimer lasers to simulate the
    body image of the Turin Shroud
    . APPLIED OPTICS / Vol. 47, No. 9 / 20 March 2008

    For example, in APPLIED OPTICS 2008 Figures 1 and 10 are the same as Figures 2 and 12 in APPLIED OPTICS 2012.
    To summarize, we have at least three papers, plus the ENEA report, plus several proceedings explaining the same since at least 2008!!. Obviously the peer-review system is not working in these journals. Most serious journals, nowadays use specific software and a plagiarism report is issued for each new tentative paper
    http://scholarone.com/media/pdf/S1iThen_cfs_en.pdf. Obviously these two journals are not aware of this and their reputation (APPLIED OPTICS & JIST) can be seriously damaged with such episodes

  6. Wits some much talk about impurities some explanation is needed about how this could have affected the areas where there was no contact with the body.

    1. Louis, I believe you are absolutely correct. I also ‘seem to remember’ Ray Rogers mentioning there being an issue of ‘explaining’ the FACT there is no difference in intensity, depth, or color between the frontal and dorsal images. How is this possible? When it would seem logical from what we view on the Shroud that the man was lying on his back when the image formed, and much more pressure would have been exerted on the dorsal side of he cloth. The maillard hypothesis may ‘seem’ like the most probable ‘natural’ solution to some, but these ‘some’ must also accept it has several important “issues”. …As I stated in a previous post; How can we be so sure that during the retting process, the impurity layer was or would be left only on the top-most surfaces of the fibrels and so perfectly distributed over the whole surface, leaving no traces on the inside of the fibrels? How does one explain the amazing detail of the images on areas that in all probability had no contact whatsoever with the cloth and in some areas up to 4cm? Furthermore, I don’t believe we can completely rule out a radiation source. Why? because from understanding ‘exactly’ what the expert Ray Rogers said himself; “It would take very good temperature control specifically to scorch impurities without producing some defects in the cellulose.” …This actually leaves open the “possibility” that it is detainable (i.e possible). Because our scientists, in our present state of technology, do not have the ability to do this, does not make it impossible!. Improbable is exactly how Rogers stated it, he did not say impossible. This can be taken even further, as with all the evidence that has been accumulated over the decades, proving most certainly that this Shroud covered the ‘historical’ Jesus, and he being whom he claimed to be, and also with the testimony of the Gospel writers; Who is to say this “specifically controlled energy” was or is not possible? Maybe, just maybe it is the detail we should be focusing on.

      R

      1. Ron :
        How does one explain the amazing detail of the images on areas that in all probability had no contact whatsoever with the cloth and in some areas up to 4cm?

        Could you give an example of such an area ?

  7. anoxie :

    Ron :How does one explain the amazing detail of the images on areas that in all probability had no contact whatsoever with the cloth and in some areas up to 4cm?

    Could you give an example of such an area ?

    Anoxie, seriously, at this juncture if I have to point out these areas to you then my comments are fruitless. If you have done any serious studying of the Shroud image and/or it’s study you should not have to ask that question. But notice I said “UP TO 4cm”. There are just too numerous areas to mention.

    R

    1. I, like anoxie, would very much like to see a bit of amazing detail. Unlike him, I would like to see a bit of amazing detail anywhere on the shroud image – fingernails perhaps, skin wrinkles or hair? I’m afraid I can’t even see all the flowers, notices and extraneous objects people claim, even when they are carefully pointed out. And please, you don’t have to list them all if they are too numerous to mention; just one would be enough.

  8. I’m asking seriously, could you point out one area with “an amazing detail” that had no contact whatsoever with the body ?

  9. …a proven fact i.e. a fact that can be scientifically and archaeologically repeated on and on with exactly the same result each time and is beyond the shadow of a rational doubt.

  10. One problem with the Maillard hypothesis is that both frontal and dorsal images seem to be of equal intensity. In that case a convection model has obvious objections if the body was lying on its back, and a contact model would then seem more likely. We do not know that the body was laid on its back. The rigor mortis and body distortion resulting from crucifixion, such as legs being bent at the hips and knees, may have given laying out problems. The body may have been laid to rest on its side possibly fully wrapped. In that case, a convection model would then still give problems. But even with a contact process, there are then problems with explaining the orthogonality of the image.

    I’ve previously mentioned Giovanna de Liso’s 12 years of experiments with seismic imaging: “Shroud-like image formation during seismic activity”; Giovanna de Liso; ENEA Frascati Conference May 2010. Other investigators have reported likewise more recently. De Liso obtained persuasive images from both metallic objects and a dead snake. The suggestion is that radon (radioactive inert gas released during seismic activity) played a significant role in producing these images. And of course an earthquake is reported in the gospel passion narratives.

    Another radiation experiment was carried out by Dr August Accetta, American radiologist, and founder of the Shroud Center of Southern California. Dr Accetta injected into his own veins a solution of methylene diphosphate, containing radioactive technetium-99m, a radioisotope with a short half life. The radiation from the technetium atoms produced gamma rays, which could be detected by the VP8 Image Analysing Computer. Dr Accetta produced an image on the VP8 computer similar, but with less definition, than the Shroud image.

    Any credible naturalistic image formation process needs to explain: relatively uniform intensity of both frontal and dorsal images; the relatively high resolution of the pixels making up the image; the 3-dimensional properties of the image; its orthogonal projection on to the cloth with minimal lateral distortion, and absence of lateral aspects, despite any wrapping of the body. I believe we are a long way from being able to explain these properties by any of the naturalistic mechanisms suggested to date.

      1. Anoxie, many thanks for the detailed summary of Roger’s corresp edited by Thibault. Highly technical, complex, comprehensive, but still readable with some training in chemistry. It answers several doubts I have about Maillard. Any reaction must require either contact or diffusion. I think it is the diffusion mechanism I have problems most in attaining the resolution, although Rogers seemed to think this was not a problem.

      2. daveb of wellington nz :
        I think it is the diffusion mechanism I have problems most in attaining the resolution

        So far, the only paper i’ve found which directly addressed the question of resolution is Fanti’s paper, in JIST nov-dec 2011 :
        http://www.shroud-enigma.com/challenge/paper/g-fanti-paper.html
        Concerning gas diffusion he wrote :

        gas diffusion experiments achieve poorer resolution, coarser than 20mm (Fig. 6).

        What is figure 6 ? An image formation experiment with a heated papier maché hand. To analyse gas diffusion he took an experiment mixing diffusion and convection. Brilliant.

  11. The TS image was not really PROjected onto the cloth surface but sort of gradually RETROjected.

    1. …as the long inner burial cloth somehow got taut again and gradually unstuck from the body skin in blood.

  12. Since the corpse was left in the open for more than an hour, corpse colonizing flies had laid eggs in countless numbers on the body’s natural orifices (ears, eyes, nose, and genitals) or any open wounds.. In all likelihood, the corpse was purified by in-soaking the long inner burial sheet with alkaline waters (waters mixed with ashes and/or Jerusalem malky stone dust) to kill the eggs.

    Reminder: The TS image was not really RETROPROjected onto the cloth surface but sort of gradually RETROPROjected as the long inner burial cloth somehow got taut again (through shrinking and watery solution evaporation) and gradually unstuck front and back from the body skin in blood.

  13. Typo: Reminder: The TS image was not really PROjected onto the cloth surface but sort of gradually RETROPROjected as the long inner burial cloth somehow got taut again (through shrinking and watery solution evaporation) and gradually unstuck front and back from the body skin in blood.

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