… Emanuela Marinelli fell in love with the Shroud. Tough love: nearly forty years of study. And 17 books, hundreds of articles, thousands of conferences, from Indonesia to Kazakhstan to Burkina Faso: long journeys, sometimes dangerous, always with a copy of the Shroud folded into the suitcase, to go on to explain, the ends of the world.
We learn from the Amici della Sindone (Friends of the Shroud) Facebook page (as automatically translated from Italian to English in Google Chrome):
The International Prize for Catholic Culture will be delivered to sindonologa Emanuela Marinelli (pictured) on October 23 at 20.30, in a solemn ceremony at the Theatre Remondinis of Bassano del Grappa. Professor Marinelli, Roman, takes care of the Shroud for 38 years and has written 17 books on the subject and held hundreds of conferences in various countries around the world; He was also the coordinator of the organizing committee of the World Congress "Sindone 2000" in Orvieto. Recognition Bassano, run by the local Catholic school culture and come to the XXXIII edition, went among others to personalities like Joseph Ratzinger, Krysztof Zanussi, Angelo Scola, Riccardo Muti, Camillo Ruini, Ugo Amaldi, Michael Novak, Divo Barsotti, Cornelius Fabro, Augusto Del Noce …
In 1977, the Swiss botanist Max Frei made public the results of a search on the pollen of which had found no trace on the Shroud: over 58 types, 38 belonged to plants of Palestine that does not exist in Europe. The most frequent pollen were identical to those found in the sediments of the Sea of Galilee. In Emanuela Marinelli, then a young graduate in Natural Sciences and Geology at the "Sapienza" of Rome, the discovery sparked a deep interest. Pollen from Palestine, as a signature on the relic that since 1933 was not exposed to the public. The Marinelli knocked Centre Roman Sindonology Monsignor Giulio Ricci, began to study. He learned that at the heel of the stranger wrapped in the cloth was no sign of a kind of aragonite, the same as that found in the caves of Jerusalem. And Emanuela Marinelli fell in love with the Shroud.Tough love: nearly forty years of study. And 17 books, hundreds of articles, thousands of conferences, from Indonesia to Kazakhstan to Burkina Faso: long journeys, sometimes dangerous, always with a copy of the Shroud folded into the suitcase, to go on to explain, the ends of the world. For this passionate outreach activities Professor receives 23 October in Bassano del Grappa the prestigious International Award for Culture Cattolica.La we meet in a cafe in Rome. Youthful, lively, the way he talks it is clear that falling in love for the Holy Shroud continues, since that distant day when, say, a copy before she found herself without words: "It seemed to me – he says – a Gospel written in blood." But it was 1988, the year of the famous test using carbon 14 on a piece of cloth: the Shroud, or so it was said, to the test of science. From the laboratories of Oxford, Tucson and Zurich came the verdict: the sheet went back to the Middle Ages. A trenchant outcome, which seemed to sweep away centuries of hopes to have, still, a material trace of the passage of Christ on earth. Almost everyone at that point, as he wrote Vittorio Messori, bowed, devout, in "St. C14." Not everyone, however. Emanuela Marinelli: "The angle of the sheet material to be analyzed turned out to have been manipulated, patched, polluted by fungi and bacteria. If the sample was contaminated, the date could refer to the tracks left by dust and manipulation. " They supported him then, moreover, distinguished scholars like Gove. The shadow that science seemed to have dissipated, actually remained.Although, says Marinelli, "he is felt a desire to deny the historicity of the Shroud, regardless of any element emerged from the research. An ideologically motivated denial: perhaps because, as Cardinal Biffi said, if the Shroud is false for a Christian does not change anything, but if the shroud is real, for atheists change many things … ".The ‘truth’ absolute sentenced by Carbon 14 was for Marinelli, who had a degree in Natural Sciences with a thesis on the radioactivity of uranium, a challenge to study again. That was when he published the first of his 17 books, exploring every search, every word spoken on the Shroud. Because much yet, according to her, it was not clear. "The fabric – he says – shows a selvedge and seam details, and is comparable to the tissues found years ago at Masada, and dating back to the first century after Christ. The analyzes show that there is blood in your wound; other analyzes show that a body lay in the towel for 36/40 hours. But there is no trace of the drag that should appear, if the body had been removed. " "He knows what scholars, although atheists and ‘deniers’, admit that the Shroud was wrapped a man? Doctors and artists: the first because they recognize that this is blood, the latter because they understand that this is not painting. The experiment more significant, however, was conducted in Italy, Enea. An excimer laser was focused on a tissue, and the effect is the closest thing we have to the image of the Shroud. The fabric is yellowed, as had been crossed by a fortissimaluce. " The faith does not affect his studies? We ask. Her calm: "No. Pollens, aragonite, the selvage of the fabric, are all facts. Today we can say that the test of carbon 14 is not enough to deny the authenticity of the Shroud. " You can, in your opinion, conduct new tests reliable? "I’m afraid not, because the fire which escaped the cloth closed in a box, in 1532 in Chambéry, it can still contaminated, and this will alter the results of the carbon." The Shroud, then, is it for you? "An image still unexplained, leaving us on the threshold of an enigma. How Arpino wrote: ‘In a world that is bulging of monuments, pyramids, coliseums, triumphal arches, equestrian statues, temples untouched or corroded by mold and neglect, on this planet only a linen cloth, with quell’Orma preserves its mystery ‘. But this, in his poverty, continues to call men. The Shroud is an icon of human suffering. People, when I go to talk, I listen to is everywhere: in the most distant regions of the world, in schools, in prisons. " But one evening an elderly woman, after the conference, got up from the floor. It was modest Southern Italy, with his hands spoiled from family work. "Professor – he said – I did not understand much of the carbon 14, however, one thing I realized. I understand that we must become like the Shroud, we stamparci into the image of that suffering face, to take him to those we meet. " And that time was the teacher, moved, to remain silent.
In 2012 Ugo Amaldi, a well known
physicist, received this Prize …
Now 25 years have already elapsed since
prof. Diana (Istituto Centrale del Restauro, Roma)
and prof. Marinelli enunciated the idea to date
the Shroud of Turin using the parameter “cellulosic DP” …
But their system planned to use the viscosimetric
way that consumes a fair amount of material of
the ancient cloth (= a way of destructive analysis!).
And even during the Symposium of Nice in 1997,
while also indicating other interesting parameters,
they still, reaffirmed this “old idea” (which is
impossible to apply in the case of the Shroud).
Instead, in Turin (in 1998)
I have shown the way of analyses SPMs
(AFM and SNOM CFM) …
In 1998 at University of Pisa, it was made
an AFM measurement as force modulation mode,
which allows to derive the dynamic mechanical
properties of the sample, but…
I never published the rough result
obtained in 1998…
= little maps [= 4.75
microns of wide] about:
Topography, Elasticity, Viscosity
(achieved through a calibration/comparison
with Silicon)… because…
I hoped to improve the level of AFM
investigations (until to reach a new kind of
survey for molecular chains of cellulose.
See also what was previously obtained by Andy Baker
in 1997 [working on cellulose crystals]).
Then, see also:
all my remarks about AFM nanoindentation,
“AFM three-point bending test”, etc., etc.
and then the last hope to contact a Lab to obtain
AFM-Raman and SERS controls, etc.
— — —
Here an old bibliographic reference:
“Imaging viscoelasticity by force modulation
with the atomic force microscope”
M. Radmacher, R. W. Tillmann, and H. E. Gaub
Biophys J. 1993 Mar; 64(3): 735–742.
See for example, the beginning of the
>Force modulation and phase sensitive detection
was used to image soft surfaces with the atomic
>This force modulation microscopy allows
the simultaneous recording of images of the
surface profile, the storage modulus, and
the loss modulus of the sample. …
In any case (taking aside the unsolved
scientific problems… sketched above in a
rough manner) …
I think Prof. Marinelli is a valid personage
in the world of the Shroud. For example:
thanks to the website “Collegamento pro Sindone”
we had the opportunity to read many interesting
studies and in the past the book she wrote
with another italian person (Orazio Petrosillo,
a journalist now deceased) was a
fundamental step for an useful information
against the false propaganda after the
“C14 1988 results”…
I think there is also an interesting fact
to take into account:
the Construction of the Teachers’ House
this building grows thanks to the
contributions collected by the initiative
of Emanuela Marinelli and Observo Onlus…
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