New Paper on the crucifixion of the Turin Shroud man

clip_image001Giulio Fanti writes: “I am pleased to announce that a new paper on the TS has been published in Injury Journal [Volume 45, Supplement 6, Pages S142-S148 (December 2014), Update in Traumatology: The Italian Perspective].

The paper, How was the Turin Shroud Man crucified? is by M. Bevilacqua, G. Fanti, M. D’Arienzo, A. Porzionato, V. Macchi and R. De Caro. The full paper is available online at this time.

The abstract reads:

As the literature is not exhaustive with reference to the way the Turin Shroud (TS) Man was crucified, and it is not easy to draw significant information from only a “photograph” of a man on a linen sheet, this study tries to add some detail on this issue based on both image processing of high resolution photos of the TS and on experimental tests on arms and legs of human cadavers.

With regard to the TS Man hands, a first hypothesis states that the left hand of the TS Man was nailed twice at two different anatomical sites: the midcarpal joint medially to the pisiform between the lunate/pyramidal and capitate/uncinate bones (Destot’s space) and the radiocarpal joint between the radio, lunate and scaphoid; also the right hand would have been nailed twice. A second hypothesis, preferred by the authors, states that the hands were nailed only once in the Destot’s space with partial lesion of the ulnar nerve and flexion of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumbs.

clip_image001With regard to the TS Man feet, the imprint of the sole of the right foot leads to the conclusion that TS Man suffered a dislocation at the ankle just before the nailing. The entrance hole of the nail on the right foot is a few inches from the ankle, and excludes a double nailing. The nail has been driven between the tarsal bones.

The TS Man suffered the following tortures during crucifixion: a very serious and widespread causalgia due to total paralysis of the upper right limb (paradoxical causalgia); a nailing of the left wrist with damage to the ulnar nerve; a similar nailing of the right wrist; and a nailing to both feet using one only nail that injured the plantaris medialis nerves.

The respiratory limitation was probably not sufficient to cause death by asphyxiation. Also considering the hypovolemia produced by scourging and the many other tortures detectable on the TS, the principal cause of death can be attributed to a myocardial infarction.

Given that this a Science Direct site, you may want to print a copy or put a copy in SkyDrive or Google Drive for future reference.

4 thoughts on “New Paper on the crucifixion of the Turin Shroud man”

  1. Come on, the principal cause of death of a young healthy man is not myocardial infarction!

    Eventually ANY principal cause of death leads to myocardial infarction, a hemorrhagic shock secundary to a trauma for example.

  2. Quite frankly, it is conceivable that he could have had Prinzmetal’s angina with myocardial infarction. Under such medical duress anything is possible.

    I often wonder if Christ died of a broken heart. We now know that a broken heart can in fact lead to heart damage and sudden death.

    1. Quite frankly, if you consider rare conditions as Prinzmetal’s angina, actually anything is possible. What about an asthma crisis or an intracranial aneurysm ? or pleuresia secundary to tuberculosis as already read on this blog……

      The principal cause of death is not myocardial infarction.

  3. There does not exist in the Art any painting, sculpture, under relief etc, that could support medically a work as the realized one for these specialists.

    (en español)

    No existe en el Arte ninguna pintura, escultura, bajo-relieve etc, que pudiera soportar médicamente un trabajo como el realizado por estos especialistas.


Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this: