Next week (April 24-28) I will be returning to Canada to make a series of presentations at Emmanuel United Church, 871 Upper Ottawa Street, Hamilton, Ontario, in conjunction with the Vancouver Shroud Association’s Man of the Shroud Exhibit(http://www.manoftheshroud.org/).
I will be giving student lectures in the afternoons and adult lectures in the evenings. This is my last lecture series of the year and as always, I hope to see some of you there.
Mosaic depicting the risen Christ leaving the tomb. The Roman Catholic Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C.
Albanian (Tosk) – Krishti u ngjall! Vërtet u ngjall!
Armenian – Քրիստոս յարեաւ ի մեռելոց՜ Օրհնեալ է Յարութիւնն Քրիստոսի՜ (Christos haryav i merelotz! Orhnial e Haroutiunn Christosi! – Christ is risen! Blessed is the resurrection of Christ!)
English – “Christ is risen!” / “Truly He is risen!” or “Christ is risen!” / “Indeed, He is risen!” or “He [or 'The LORD'] is risen!” / “He [or 'The LORD'] is risen indeed!” or “Christ has risen!” / “Indeed He has!” or “Christ is risen!” / “He is risen, Indeed!” ; Alleluia! Christ is Risen! He is risen indeed! Alleluia!;
Old English – Crist aras! Crist soþlice aras! (Lit: Christ arose! Christ surely arose!)
Middle English – Crist is arisen! Arisen he sothe!
Danish – Kristus er opstanden! Sandelig Han er Opstanden!
Frisian – Kristus is opstien! Wis is er opstien!
German – Christus ist auferstanden! Er ist wahrhaftig auferstanden!
Icelandic – Kristur er upprisinn! Hann er sannarlega upprisinn!
Dutch – Christus is opgestaan! Hij is waarlijk opgestaan! (Netherlands) or Christus is verrezen! Hij is waarlijk verrezen! (Belgium)
Afrikaans – Christus het opgestaan! Hy het waarlik opgestaan!
Norwegian – Kristus er oppstanden! Han er sannelig oppstanden!
Swedish – Kristus är uppstånden! Han är sannerligen uppstånden!
Latin – Christus resurrexit! Resurrexit vere!
Catalan – Crist ha ressuscitat! Veritablement ha ressuscitat!
French – Christ est ressuscité! Il est vraiment ressuscité!
Italian – Cristo è risorto! È veramente risorto!
Portuguese – Cristo ressuscitou! Em verdade ressuscitou!
Provençal – Lo Crist es ressuscitat! En veritat es ressuscitat!
Romanian – Hristos a înviat! Cu adevărat a înviat!
Romansh – Cristo es rinaschieu! In varded, el es rinaschieu!
Sardinian – Cristu est resuscitadu! Aberu est resuscitadu!
Sicilian – Cristu arrivisciutu esti! Pibbiru arrivisciutu esti!
Spanish – ¡Cristo ha resucitado! ¡En verdad ha resucitado!
Walloon – Li Crist a raviké! Il a raviké podbon!
Greek – Χριστὸς ἀνέστη! Ἀληθῶς ἀνέστη! (Khristós Anésti! Alithós Anésti!)
Church Slavonic – Хрїстóсъ воскрéсе! Воистину воскресе! (Christos voskrese! Voistinu voskrese!)
Belarusian – Хрыстос уваскрос! Сапраўды ўваскрос! (Chrystos uvaskros! Sapraŭdy ŭvaskros!)
Bulgarian – Христос възкресе! Наистина възкресе! (Hristos vyzkrese! Naistina vyzkrese!), or (Church Slavonic): Христос воскресе! Воистину воскресе! (Hristos voskrese! Voistinu voskrese!)
Croatian – Krist uskrsnu! Uistinu uskrsnu!
Czech – Kristus vstal z mrtvých! Vpravdě vstal z mrtvých!
Macedonian (Traditional (as per Church Slavonic) – Христос воскресе! Навистина воскресе! (Hristos voskrese! Navistina voskrese!; Vernacular – Христос воскресна! Навистина воскресна! (Hristos voskresna! Navistina voskresna!)
Polish – Chrystus zmartwychwstał! Prawdziwie zmartwychwstał!
Russian – Христос воскрес! Воистину воскрес! (Christos voskres! Voistinu voskres!)
Rusyn – Хрістос воскрес! Воістину воскрес! (Hristos voskres! Voistynu voskres!)
Serbian – Христос васкрсе! Ваистину васкрсе! (Hristos vaskrse! Vaistinu vaskrse!)
Slovak – Kristus z mŕtvych vstal! Skutočne z mŕtvych vstal! (also not used; the Slovak of eastern religions use Church Slavonic version: Christos voskrese! Voistinu voskrese!)
Ukrainian – Христос воскрес! Воістину воскрес! (Hrystos voskres! Voistynu voskres!)
Latvian Kristus (ir) augšāmcēlies! Patiesi viņš ir augšāmcēlies!
Lithuanian – Kristus prisikėlė! Tikrai prisikėlė!
Old Irish – Asréracht Críst! Asréracht Hé-som co dearb!
Irish – Tá Críost éirithe! Go deimhin, tá sé éirithe!
Manx – Taw Creest Ereen! Taw Shay Ereen Guhdyne!
Scottish – Tha Crìosd air èiridh! Gu dearbh, tha e air èiridh!
Breton – Dassoret eo Krist! E wirionez dassoret eo!
Cornish – Thew Creest dassorez! En weer thewa dassorez!
Welsh – Atgyfododd Crist! Yn wir atgyfododd!
Persian مسیح برخاسته است! به راستی برخاسته است! (Masih barkhaste ast! Be rasti barkhaste ast!)
Hindustani – येसु मसीह ज़िन्दा हो गया है! हाँ यक़ीनन, वोह ज़िन्दा हो गया है! – یسوع مسیح زندہ ہو گیا ہے! ہاں یقیناً، وہ زندہ ہو گیا ہے! – Yesu Masih zinda ho gaya hai! Haan yaqeenan, woh zinda ho gaya hai!
Marathi – (Yeshu Khrist uthla ahe! Kharokhar uthla ahe!)
Turkish – Mesih dirildi! Hakikaten dirildi!
Uyghur – ئەيسا تىرىلدى! ھەقىقەتىنلا تىرىلدى! (Əysa tirildi! Ⱨəⱪiⱪətinla tirildi!)
Azeri – Məsih dirildi! Həqiqətən dirildi!
Chuvash – Христос чĕрĕлнĕ!! Чăн чĕрĕлнĕ! (Khristós chərəlnə! Chæn chərəlnə!)
Carolinian – Lios a melau sefal! Meipung, a mahan sefal!
Chamorro – La’la’i i Kristo! Magahet na luma’la’ i Kristo!
Fijian – Na Karisito tucake tale! Io sa tucake tale!
Filipino – Si Kristo ay nabuhay! Siya nga ay nabuhay!
Hawaiian – Ua ala aʻe nei ʻo Kristo! Ua ala ʻiʻo nō ʻo Ia!
Indonesian – Kristus telah bangkit! Dia benar-benar telah bangkit!
Malagasy – Nitsangana tamin’ny maty i Kristy! Nitsangana marina tokoa izy!
Malayalam – (ക്രിസ്തു ഉയിര്ത്തെഴുന്നേറ്റു! തീര്ച്ചയായും ഉയിര്ത്തെഴുന്നേറ്റു!) (Christu uyirthezhunnettu! Theerchayayum uyirthezhunnettu!)
Aleut – Kristus aq ungwektaq! Pichinuq ungwektaq!
Yupik languages – Xris-tusaq Ung-uixtuq! Iluumun Ung-uixtuq!
Japanese – ハリストス復活！実に復活！ (Harisutosu fukkatsu! Jitsu ni fukkatsu!)
Korean – 그리스도께서 부활하셨네! 참으로 부활하셨네! (Geuriseudokkeseo Buhwalhasheotne! Chameuro Buhwalhasheotne!)
Navajo – Christ daaztsą́ą́dę́ę́ʼ náádiidzáá. Tʼáá aaníí daaztsą́ą́dę́ę́ʼ náádiidzáá.
Tlingit – Xristos Kuxwoo-digoot! Xegaa-kux Kuxwoo-digoot!
Ganda Kristo Ajukkide! Kweli Ajukkide!
Swahili – Kristo Amefufukka! Kweli Amefufukka!
Gikuyu – Kristo ni muriuku! Ni muriuku nema!
Quechua – Cristo causarimpunña! Ciertopuni causarimpunña!
Arabic (standard) – المسيح قام! حقا قام! (al-Masīḥ qām! Ḥaqqan qām!); المسيح قام! بالحقيقة قام! (al-Masīḥ qām! Belḥāqiqāti qām!)
Syriac – ܡܫܝܚܐ ܩܡ! ܫܪܝܪܐܝܬ ܩܡ! (Mshiḥa qām! sharīrāīth qām! ; Mshiḥo Qom! Shariroith Qom!)
Neo-Syriac – ܡܫܝܚܐ ܩܡܠܗ! ܒܗܩܘܬܐ ܩܡܠܗ! (Mshikha qimlih! bhāqota qimlih!)
Turoyo-Syriac – ܡܫܝܚܐ ܩܝܡ! ܫܪܥܪܐܝܬ ܩܝܡ! (Mshiḥo qāyem! Shariroith qāyem!)
Tigrigna – (Christos tensiou! Bahake tensiou!)
Amharic – (Kristos Tenestwal! Bergit Tenestwal!)
Hebrew (modern) – המשיח קם! באמת קם! (Hameshiach qam! Be’emet qam!)
Maltese – Kristu qam! Huwa qam tassew! or Kristu qam mill-mewt! Huwa qam tassew!
Coptic – ⲠⲓⲬⲣⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ ⲁϥⲧⲱⲛϥ! Ϧⲉⲛ ⲟⲩⲙⲉⲑⲙⲏⲓ ⲁϥⲧⲱⲛϥ! (Pikhristos Aftonf! Khen oumethmi aftonf!)
Mandarin – 基督復活了 他確實復活了 (Jidu fuhuo-le! Ta queshi fuhuo-le!)
Abkhazian – Kyrsa Dybzaheit! – Itzzabyrgny Dybzaheit!
Georgian – ქრისტე აღსდგა! ჭეშმარიტად აღსდგა! (Kriste agsdga! Cheshmaritad agsdga!)
Estonian – Kristus on üles tõusnud! Tõesti, Ta on üles tõusnud!
Finnish – Kristus nousi kuolleista! Totisesti nousi!
Hungarian – Krisztus feltámadt! Valóban feltámadt!
Esperanto – Kristo leviĝis! Vere Li leviĝis!
Ido – Kristo riviveskabas! Ya Il rivivesakabas!
Interlingua – Christo ha resurgite! Vermente ille ha resurgite! (or) Christo ha resurrecte! Vermente ille ha resurrecte!
Quenya – (Hristo Ortane! Anwave Ortanes!)
Klingon – Hu’ta’ QISt! Hu’bejta’!
Dothraki – Khal Asvezhvenanaz yathoay. Me Yathoay Me nem nesa.
Tzotzil – Icha’kuxi Kajvaltik Kristo! Ta melel icha’kuxi!
Tzeltal – Cha’kuxaj Kajwaltik Kristo! Ta melel cha’kuxaj!
Rastafarian – Krestos a uprisin! Seen, him a uprisin fe tru!
Source of translations: Wikipedia Photograph: Sam Lucero
The Shroud in the papers this Easter Sunday
CLEARWATER — In the mid-1970s, Wayne Phillips saw a television program telling the story of the Shroud of Turin, a centuries-old linen cloth that bears the image of a crucified man.
At first, he was miffed. Years of Catholic schooling — Jesuit High School in Tampa and Notre Dame University — and he had never known about this artifact? (He would later learn that it was a delicate subject at the Vatican.)
A doctor, he has a curious mind. A mind shaped by logic and by science. But as a Catholic, he understands some beliefs are still a mystery.
He yearned to reconcile both and know the truth in his mind and in his heart. So Phillips began his own decades-long investigation to determine the shroud’s authenticity.
There have been many ups and downs in this journey. But today, Phillips says without hesitation: “I believe it is real.”
Now he wants to share his knowledge with others.
A skeptical point of view for balance:
The shroud’s iconic image is venerated by many Christians, specifically Roman Catholics.
Conversely, it has been mocked by disbelievers, landing on the cover of tabloids such as the National Enquirer and satirized on an episode of “South Park.”
Pat Linse, co-founder of The Skeptics Society, calls the shroud “a highly stylized, somewhat amateur rubbing. It’s like Big Foot. Every time someone comes up with a new theory or whatnot, it’s gets a big flurry of attention.”
Linse has no problem with believers who hold the shroud sacred as an article of faith.
But when people claim they have scientific proof that it’s real, they had better be prepared to stand their ground against the critics. For the 100 facts in the shroud’s defense, Linse says, “we can counter with 1 million that show it’s a fake.
“The church keeps it alive because humanity can’t prove it’s real,” Phillips says. “It can’t prove it’s not, either.”
He understands the doubters.
His lifelong friend, Ralph Ruso, a retired Hillsborough County educator and school administrator, is one of them.
Phillips and Ruso grew up together in Seminole Heights and Davis Islands and served as best man at each other’s weddings. Ruso has been to three of Phillips’ presentations, learning something new every time.
But does he believe?
“It’s still a mystery to me,” Ruso says. “I can’t say it’s real. What I do like is that there’s this ongoing process of studying it and trying to figure it out. I love Wayne’s passion for it. He says there’s hope for me yet, but I’m not there.”
Phillips says even his wife of 44 years, Bridget, a devoted Catholic, thinks he’s “insane” (she really doesn’t), and only one of their four grown children has come to one of his talks. He’s fine with that, because the shroud is his obsession, not theirs.
In 1978, two years after Phillips saw the documentary, a team of American scientists banded together for the Shroud of Turin Research Project.
They were not predisposed to putting their stamp of approval on it; according to Phillips, most were in the group were agnostic, and only two were Catholics.
After five days of repeated tests, sample taking, photographs and X-rays using state-of-the-art equipment, they eventually determined the shroud “showed no evidence of the hand of an artist” and that its image was of a “real human form of a scourged, crucified man.”
And the carbon dating:
But in 1988, laboratories in Zurich, Oxford and Arizona performed carbon-14 dating on a small corner of the linen. All three came back with a date range of 1260 to 1390, declaring the cloth to only be 600 to 700 years old.
A story in The New York Times called the shroud a fake.
“I was completed destroyed,” Phillips says. “Just devastated. A dozen years into this, and I felt like I had been duped.”
Still, a small part in him wouldn’t let go. As much as he relied on science, what if the testing proved flawed?
The debate continued, though the naysayers felt the case was closed.
Then, in 2005, a scientific paper concluded that the sample used to test the shroud’s age in 1988 was taken from a rewoven area, rather than an original swatch of the linen. Therefore, the radiocarbon date was not valid for determining the shroud’s true age.
The Shroud in the papers this Easter Sunday
Laura Kebede has an article in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, about Bryan Walsh (pictured) and his Shroud of Turin center: Shroud of Turin research continues in Goochland. That would be Goochland, Virginia:
Casual interest turned into 17 years of education and research surrounding the world’s most famous 14-foot piece of linen for Bryan Walsh when he visited the Turin Shroud Center of Colorado in 1997.
Before his visit, he spent three hours on the phone with John Jackson, the 1978 leader of an international research team on the cloth believed to have wrapped Jesus’ body after he was crucified.
“It was like two peas in a pod getting together,” Walsh said.
He returned to Richmond with the hope of opening a similar center and putting his chemistry background to work.
Walsh and research director Diana Fulbright also have an office and research room, which in the summer will contain lab equipment for experiments related to the shroud.
[ . . . ]
During the 40 days before Easter known as Lent, Walsh said he and Fulbright spend about 30 hours per week making presentations to community groups and churches along the East Coast. They have even traveled to jails to educate inmates about the sacred cloth.
[. . . ]
Walsh will be conducting experiments this summer related to linen’s reaction to chemicals that might alter the accuracy of radiocarbon dating.
[ . . . ]
“It’s all recent discoveries and science. … It’s all as if we’re supposed to understand it now,” he said. “Every time we get closer, it gets further away.”
The Shroud in the papers this Easter Sunday
Myra Adams has an Easter morning article, Five reasons why the Shroud of Turin could be authentic, in BizPac, the conservative “alternative to legacy media in Palm Beach County” and the country.
Today, Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ commonly known as Easter or, less commonly, Resurrection Sunday.
If it were not for this event Christianity, the world’s largest religion, would not exist and Jesus, instead of being the most significant person in history, would have been just another forgotten Jewish man crucified by the Romans around 33 AD.
For those who are truly celebrating Christ’s resurrection today and not absorbed with chocolate-covered marshmallow bunnies, here are some questions, facts and answers that you could roll like eggs at your family’s Easter gathering.
First, the BIG question: Does scientific evidence for Christ’s resurrection exist today? The answer, millions of other faithful and I believe, is “yes” and it is called the Shroud of Turin.
John Klotz has posted The Shroud of Turin and the Resurrection in his blog, Quantum Christ:
It is often stated that the Shroud of Turin doesn’t prove the Resurrection. That’s correct. But on Easter it is proper to discuss what the Shroud does prove in connection with the Resurrection. It certainly supports the possibility of the Resurrection and is consistent with it.
It must be the day before Easter. Rossella Lorentz just three hours ago posted an article called Fact-Checking the Bible. It is pretty tame. In fact, this who media season leading up to Easter has been fairly quiet. Here are some samples. The Shroud of Turin gets mentioned in a sort of different way:
. . . according to newly published research by Tel Aviv University based on radiocarbon dating and evidence unearthed in excavations, camels were not domesticated in the Land of Israel until the 10th century BC — several centuries after the time they appear in the Bible.
Adam and Eve:
The fossil record indicates that humans did not appear suddenly, but evolved gradually over the course of six million years.
. . . they weren’t the only man and woman alive at the time, or the only people to have present-day offspring.
The Great Flood:
[A] 3,700-year-old clay tablet, consisting of 60 lines in cuneiform, has been dubbed a prototype of Noah’s ark described in the Bible.
The tablet contains a detailed construction manual for building an ark with palm-fiber ropes, wooden ribs and coated in hot bitumen to make it waterproof. It also contains the first description of the ark’s shape — surprisingly, it’s a massive round vessel.
We can skip over Exodus, the birth of Jesus, the question of whether or not Judas betrayed Jesus and jump right into the Crucifixion of Jesus:
Described in the four canonical gospels, referred to in writings by Paul the Apostle, Jesus’ death by crucifixion at the direction of Pontius Pilate has also been questioned. The main argument is that there is no first-hand witness for Jesus’s crucifixion.
As for physical evidence, a heated ongoing debate surrounds the Shroud of Turin, the piece of linen that that some believe to have been wrapped around Jesus’ body after the crucifixion and others debunk as a medieval fake following radiocarbon tests. The Vatican itself remains neutral on the issue.
Gosh, I’m not upset by any of this. I think I agree with most of it. The Bible is not a history book, after all. But at least I think Jesus was crucified. I think the vast majority of biblical scholars and historians of the first century think so. And I don’t think the shroud can prove anything here.
Funny, they forgot to cover the Resurrection.